Which country is the smallest country in the world in terms of area? The ranking shows which countries will rank among the top ten in 2020.
The ranking of the ten smallest countries in the world refers to the area in square kilometers. It also provides information on how the respective land area is distributed and how it is used.
The total area of the earth is around 510 million square kilometers. Around 360.6 million square kilometers (71 percent) are covered by the water surface. In contrast, there are around 150 million square kilometers, which account for the land area (29 percent).
In the 2020 ranking – the ten smallest countries in the world
10th place – Malta
Malta ranks tenth in the ranking of the smallest countries on earth. With a total area of 316 square kilometers, Malta is the fourth-smallest country in Europe. The small state is located in the Mediterranean, south of Sicily and extends over several islands.
Malta’s population density is high at 1,371 people per square kilometer. The population has been growing steadily since 1970. The already high average population density of the small state should therefore also continue to increase.
9th place – Maldives
The dream destination of many vacationers is also placed in this ranking. The Maldives stretch over an area of 298 square kilometers, which is spread over a total of 1,196 islands. The Maldives is located in the Indian Ocean and is populated by around 344,000 people.
The population density of the small country is 1,102 inhabitants per square kilometer and is also relatively high here. The islands belonged to Great Britain until July 26, 1965, but have since been independent and are considered a separate country.
8th place – St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Kitts and Navis is another island nation among the smallest countries in the world. A total area of only 269 square kilometers is enough for eighth place in the ranking. The island nation consists of the two islands of Saint Kitts and Nevis, the former being the larger of the two in terms of area. St. Kitts has a land area of 176 square kilometers, Nevis over 93 square kilometers.
The population of St. Kitts and Nevis is 56,000. The average population density of the small country is low compared to Malta with around 201 inhabitants per square kilometer.
7th place – Marshall Islands
The Marshall Islands have a total area of 181 square kilometers. The most famous of the 1,225 islands in the group is the island of Micronesia. The population of the small country is around 53,100. However, it has been growing steadily since 1950. At that time, only around 13,000 people lived in the nation – so it has more than quadrupled since then.
The country’s average population density is 293 inhabitants per square kilometer and is comparatively low compared to other countries in this ranking.
6th place – Liechtenstein
With around 160 square kilometers, Liechtenstein has a slightly smaller area than the Marshall Islands. The small state is the fourth-smallest nation in Europe and has about 38,000 inhabitants. The principality is located in Central Europe and borders Austria to the east and Switzerland to the west. Liechtenstein measures 24.77 kilometers at the longest point and only 12.5 kilometers at the widest.
Only eleven percent of the Principality’s land area is residential. The larger percentage of the area is divided between agricultural areas (33 percent) and forest areas (41 percent). The remaining 15 percent of the microstate’s land area is considered unproductive.
5th place – San Marino
The fifth-placed country in this ranking is also in Europe. San Marino covers an area of 60 square kilometers, is one of the six European dwarf states and is completely surrounded by the Italian state. The Italian border is 39 kilometers long.
About 33,000 people live in San Marino. The Republic’s average population density is 545.6 people per square kilometer. The state was founded on September 3, 301 and was able to become independent of the Roman Empire around 60 years later. The current state area of the dwarf state is used in particular for agricultural and forestry purposes.
4th place – Tuvalu
Tuvalu made it to fourth place among the smallest countries in the world. The island nation is located in the Pacific Ocean and has a total area of only 30 square kilometers.
The micro-state belonged to Great Britain until October 1, 1978, but has been independent since that date. Before independence, it was called the Ellice Islands. Tuvalu has around 10,640 inhabitants today. The population density is 409 inhabitants per square kilometer.
3rd place – Nauru
Like Tuvalu, the third smallest country in the world is located in the Pacific Ocean. Nauru has a total area of 20 square kilometers. The island nation has about 13,000 inhabitants and gained independence from Australia on January 31, 1968.
Nauru’s population has almost tripled since 1960. At that time, only 4,433 inhabitants lived in the micro-state. The population density is currently 478 inhabitants per square kilometer and is therefore slightly higher than in Tuvalu.
2nd Place – Monaco
The second smallest country in the world in Monaco. The principality is particularly known as the residence of the rich and is only a tenth of the size of Nauru. The micro-state only has a total area of just over two square kilometers. Nevertheless, around 39,000 people live in the Fürstenrum. Due to the comparatively high population, the population density in Monaco is very high. This is 18,944 inhabitants per square kilometer.
A specialty of the micro-state is the most efficient use of the available space. This includes, for example, laying the railroad underground. The vacated track areas are built on high-rise buildings to generate enough living space.
1st Place -Vatican City
The smallest recognized state in the world is the Vatican City State – in short simply the Vatican City, Vatican City State or the Vatican City State. It only has a total area of 0.44 square kilometers. The smallest country on earth is an enclave in the middle of the Italian capital Rome. However, the Vatican is not only the smallest country in terms of area, but also the smallest generally recognized country in the world in terms of population.
The micro-state is considered an independent state by the Lateran treaties of February 11, 1929, and today has around 1,000 inhabitants. The population density is 2,272 inhabitants per square kilometer.
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